Throughout history mankind has selected numerous species over thousands of generations to be used in many different ways; as pets, as protection, such as transportation or for their meat and their products. They are what we call domestic animals.
In recent times it has become fashionable to have exotic animals as pets. These animals still retain their most primitive instincts and their relationship with humans is far less complicated. Many of these animals are not adapted to life in captivity and fall into depression locked in cages or terrariums. Still, the law allows to own many of these species and some get a dignified life despite the imprisonment.
The problem is presented when these species are bought illegally. Many are transported from their countries of origin in appalling conditions, crammed into cages, unventilated and poorly fed. Most of these individuals perish along the way. Those arriving, if they are lucky, will be sold to someone who treats them with dignity. Most simply they die waiting to be chosen.
We also find illegal catches of native animals. The result is locked wild animals that are not suited to be behind bars and die from stress or depression, affecting them to their immune system. On numerous occasions they come to our centre groups of dozens of goldfinches confiscated by police from illegal street vending. These colorful birds do not support management or captivity and die from stress or they die by blows against the cage trying to escape. Also they enter protected turtles. They come malnourished, with a deformed shell due to a poor diet and wrong habitat conditions. Sometimes they are entering primary prey with sectioned feathers, so they can not fly. These birds spend the rest of his life tied to a pole or in a cage if the authorities are able to release them from captivity.
Another drama is the plundering of nests, also outside any regulation. The resulting animals, have not recognized with their own kind, acting erratically, identifying with the human being or becoming more aggressive than normal and often fall into depression. The food is often poor and their bones are atrophied, so have deformed wings or are unable to stand.
Everybody laugh when they see a video on social networks someone stroking an owl or someone playing with a frightened titi monkey, but we must be aware of the conditions in which the animal is or how many members of these species have perished to get where they are.
We must become aware and know that caring for an animal comes with many responsibilities. We have to know what species are suitable to have as pets and which are not going to have a decent life in captivity. Do not buy animals without proper documentation and must alert authorities when such cases are known. But perhaps the most important is the education received by children, so unnecessary animal suffering does not last anymore in our time.